Malawi's president set up a commission this week to investigate “Maizegate,” a deal involving the recent purchase of maize from neighboring Zambia. Controversy was sparked in November when a local newspaper in Malawi published leaked documents that suggested possible irregularities during a government purchase of 100,000 tons of the staple crop from Zambia.
Malawi has been importing maize to avert food shortages after flooding and drought wrecked last year's harvest.
The leaked documents indicate Malawi's state-owned grain trader, the Agriculture Development and Marketing Corporation, or ADMARC, bought a large consignment of maize for $34.5 million from a private Zambian trader. The records allege that ADMARC could have purchased the maize directly from the Zambian government for $21.5 million.
ADMARC and Malawi government spokesman Nicholas Dausi deny those allegations.
"Maize was not bought from a private trader,” Dausi told VOA. “It was bought from a Zambia Cooperative Federation, a subsidiary parastatal of the Zambian government. And Zambia Cooperative Federation has confirmed that, so I can only say what I have said."
ADMARC officials obtained a court injunction restraining The Daily Times, the local newspaper which published the leaked document, from further reporting on the maize imports from Zambia.
“Maizegate” has prompted a group of 18 civil society organizations called the National Advocacy Platform to push for greater transparency in the maize procurement process.
"There are suspicions that some steps were not followed,” said Billy Mayaya, a rights activist.
The National Advocacy Platform wrote an open letter to President Peter Mutharika asking him to suspend Agriculture Minister George Chaponda, who is accused of direct — and illegal — involvement in the maize purchase.
In a press statement Wednesday, Chaponda said his only involvement was in early December when he met with the president of Zambia to discuss the status of the deal, after Zambia announced that it had banned maize exports.
Chaponda told local radio station Zodiak Broadcasting Service that he will weather the storm.
"When I was minister of foreign affairs, they said I should resign because I was traveling too much,” Chaponda said. “When I became minister of agriculture, I should resign because I went to Mexico. Now there is this Zambia issue. They will keep on talking, but for me, I will never resign."
The commission of inquiry is expected to submit its findings to the president at the end of the month.
But it may not end there.
In Zambia, leaders of the opposition United Progressive Party say they have evidence of corruption in maize exports. The party said in a press statement that it presented that evidence to Zambia's Anti-Corruption Commission on Thursday for action.