Mali's army said Tuesday it carried out airstrikes on what it called terrorist targets in the rebel stronghold of Kidal, where witnesses and separatists said civilians, including children, died in the attack.
The armed forces said on social media that the strikes "neutralized several terrorist pickup trucks" at a military camp evacuated by U.N. peacekeepers last week in the strategic northern town.
The army appealed to people "not to give in to the terrorists' propaganda intended to tarnish the reputation of the Malian armed forces."
The Permanent Strategic Framework, an alliance of predominantly Tuareg armed groups, said 14 people died, including eight children gathered in front of a school.
It said they were killed by Turkish-made drones belonging to Mali's army.
Residents and witnesses, speaking mostly on condition of anonymity out of safety concerns, said between six and nine people died.
"Six people, including children, were killed by airstrikes by the Malian army," said one health worker. "In the hospital, we have injured people."
On Saturday, the army said on social media that it had "neutralized" a certain number of targets a day earlier using air power.
The targets were operating inside the camp near Kidal that the U.N.'s stabilization mission vacated last week, it said.
Tuesday's incident marked the first killings in Kidal since the Tuareg-dominated rebel groups resumed hostilities in August.
Fears of a confrontation in the town — long a center of defiance and a launching point for independence rebellions — have been building for some time.
The insubordination of the town and of the Kidal region, where the army suffered humiliating defeats between 2012 and 2014, poses a major sovereignty issue for the junta-led government.
Since seizing power in 2020, Mali's military rulers have made the restoration of sovereignty their mantra.
But Kidal is controlled by separatist rebel groups.
They launched an insurgency in 2012 and agreed to a cease-fire in 2014 and a peace deal in 2015, before taking up arms again in August.
The independence uprising in 2012 coincided with insurgencies by radical Islamist groups.
Unlike the rebels, the jihadis have never stopped fighting the state, plunging Mali into a political, security and humanitarian crisis that has spread to neighboring Burkina Faso and Niger.
Violence has escalated in the north since August, with the military, rebels and jihadis vying for control as the U.N. mission evacuates its camps, triggering a race to seize territory.
The rebels do not want the peacekeepers to hand their camps back to the Malian army, saying it would contravene the cease-fire and peace deals struck with the government in 2014 and 2015.
The army on October 2 dispatched a large convoy toward Kidal in anticipation of the U.N.'s departure.
But U.N. forces, citing the "deteriorating security situation" and threats to its peacekeepers, accelerated their pull-out, upsetting the ruling junta, which wanted the departure to coincide with the army's arrival.
Instead, when the mission left the Kidal camp last week, the rebels immediately seized control.