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Residents Flee as Turkish, Kurdish Forces Battle for Border Towns


People walk in Akcakale, Sanliurfa province, southeastern Turkey, as in the background, Turkish forces artillery pieces fire targets towards Syria, Oct. 11, 2019.

NATO is urging Turkey to exercise restraint in its incursion into northeastern Syria.

NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg acknowledged Turkey's legitimate security concerns about the Syrian Kurdish fighters, but warned that the offensive could "jeopardize" progress made against the Islamic State terror group.

Stoltenberg spoke at a news conference in Istanbul with Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu. Cavusoglu said Turkey expects solidarity from NATO against the threats it faces.

Turkey has reported its first military fatality three days into its incursion into Syria. The defense ministry said three other soldiers were wounded, without giving any details. Civilian casualties are also reported, but the numbers are hard to pin down and confirm.

Explosions were reported in the northern Syrian border towns of Ras al Ain and Tel Abyad Friday as the Turkish military offensive continued.

The International Rescue Committee says 64,000 people have already been displaced and hundreds of thousands of other people could soon become homeless. Both sides report civilian deaths and injuries as mortars are lobbed over the border into Turkey.

“I am very concerned by reports of civilian casualties on both sides of the border, and of large numbers of people moving inside Syria in the hope of avoiding the fighting, U.N. Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator Mark Lowcock said Thursday after a recent visit to the border area between Turkey and Syria.

“I reiterate what the Secretary-General of the United Nations has said: that we urge all parties to exercise restraint, to act in line with their obligations under the U.N. charter and international humanitarian law, to respect the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Syria, and in particular to protect civilians and civilian infrastructure,” said Lowcock.

Diyar Ahmed, a spokesperson for Syria’s Kurdish-led autonomous government in the northeast said Thursday that “Turkish planes have been striking from the air.”

Ahmed added, “At the same time, their heavy weapons haven't stopped, they aren't stopping in firing on the village, and civilians have been both wounded and lost their lives.”

A journalist takes cover in Akcakale near the Turkish border with Syria, Oct. 10, 2019, as a mortar lands nearby on the second day of Turkey's military operation against Kurdish forces.
A journalist takes cover in Akcakale near the Turkish border with Syria, Oct. 10, 2019, as a mortar lands nearby on the second day of Turkey's military operation against Kurdish forces.

Safe Zone

Turkey says it is fighting to establish a “safe zone” between its borders and the Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces, a U.S.-backed military group Turkey sees as a terrorist organization.

U.S.-backed, that is, until President Donald Trump announced a sudden withdrawal of forces in northeastern Syria Monday, sparking chaos in the region.

The U.S. originally brokered a version of Turkey’s safe zone in August and agreed to patrol it with Turkish troops, effectively separating Turkey from the Syrian Democratic Forces, which Turkey sees as the same as the PKK, a militant group that has been conducting attacks in Turkey for decades. The PKK has also been designated as a terrorist group by the European Union, the U.S. and other countries.

With the U.S. departing, Turkey announced that it could not “wait a minute longer” to begin what it described as counter-terrorism operations. The message came in a tweet by Fahrettin Altun, Turkey’s communication’s director, on Monday.

Syrian Democratic Forces troops moved north to the border areas, leaving cities, camps and prisons more vulnerable to IS attacks. Trump came under fire from supporters and detractors alike for abandoning the Kurdish allies against IS in Syria. The Kurdish allies have lost more than 10,000 soldiers fighting the militant group.

The Turkish government says millions of refugees now in Turkey will be settled in the safe zone, while Kurdish leaders say only refugees originally from that part of Syria will be allowed to return, if they control the area.

Islamic State resurgence

Since Trump first announced plans to withdraw from Syria last year, experts have warned that a U.S. departure could empower Islamic State militants. And while militants hold no geographic territory, they still conduct frequent attacks in areas controlled by the SDF.

In the city of Raqqa, once the IS “capital,” locals say IS could return any time if security forces are not vigilant. “This city is full of militants,” says Futha, a mother of four, by the banks of the Euphrates River in August. “There are also many empty houses of IS fighters who will come back when they have the chance.”

Others by the river say they don't want to talk about IS, for fear militants will come back and find out.

After Turkey announced its military plans, the SDF pulled troops from Raqqa and other cities, and reduced security around the IS prisons and camps that hold tens of thousands of fighters and their families. Since then, there have been reports of as many as three suicide bombs in Raqqa.

And while Trump says Turkey will take responsibility for the IS prisoners, it is not clear how, given they are currently held by the SDF considerably south of the border, according to the International Crisis Group. The conflict, the ICG says, may also draw in other countries and the Syrian Army, once again intensifying the country’s civil war.

“In any scenario, opportunities for ISIS to revive and spread its influence will multiply in proportion to the increase in violence and disorder,” reads an ICG statement on Thursday that used an alternate designation for Islamic State.