The head of the organization behind the Oscar awards has called for diversity and freedom of expression, saying the United States should not put barriers in the way of artists from around the world.
Cheryl Boone Isaacs, president of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, told the 165 Oscar-nominated actors and filmmakers there was a "struggle globally today over artistic freedom that feels more urgent than at any time since the 1950s," an apparent reference to the anti-communist blacklists of some in the movie industry at the time.
Speaking Monday at a luncheon in Beverly Hills for the 2017 nominees, Isaacs noted that there were "some empty chairs in this room, which has made Academy artists activists."
Iranian director Asghar Farhadi and actress Taraneh Alidoosti, who stars in his foreign-language-nominated film "The Salesman," said last week they would boycott the February 26 Academy Awards to protest President Donald Trump's travel restrictions on Iranians and six other Muslim-majority countries.
Other Oscar nominees who expect to find difficulty traveling to Los Angeles for the ceremony include those behind documentary "The White Helmets," which is about civilian Syrian rescue workers.
Isaacs did not directly mention the travel restrictions, but she said, "America should always be not a barrier but a beacon. ... We stand up to those who would try to limit our freedom of expression."
"When we speak out against those who try to put up barriers, we reinforce this important truth: that all artists around the world are connected by a powerful bond, one that speaks to our creativity and common humanity," she said to loud applause.
Isaacs' address followed fiery speeches at recent awards shows and rallies by such celebrities as Meryl Streep, Madonna and Ellen DeGeneres condemning the travel ban, supporting civil and women's rights, and criticizing Trump's behavior.
Isaacs, who is African-American, also cited the Academy's efforts to improve diversity in its ranks. After two straight years in which all 20 acting nominees were white, this year there are seven actors of color among the Oscar nominees.
"Wow! What a difference a year makes," she said.
Some 683 new members — many of them women or people of color — have joined the Academy in the past 12 months in a bid to make the body that chooses the Oscar winners more representative.
"When we reach out to be inclusive, we set a shining example," said Isaacs.