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NAFTA Unlikely to Hurt Mexico-US Security Ties, But Election Might

Presidential hopeful Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador gives a press conference in Mexico City, June 9, 2017.
Presidential hopeful Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador gives a press conference in Mexico City, June 9, 2017.

Mexico’s threats to weaken U.S. narcotics and migration co-operation if NAFTA dies are pure bluster, Mexican and U.S. officials say, with next year’s election posing a far greater challenge to future collaboration.

Mexican officials have threatened to strike back if U.S. President Donald Trump kills the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), warning they could relax controls on the southern Mexican border crossed by Central American migrants, or scale back collaboration in tackling drug crime.

Privately, however, Mexican officials say there are no plans to dial back complex co-operation that has been increasing in recent years, with post-NAFTA planning focused on measures like diversifying trade.

Mexico regularly receives U.S. help and funding to take down drug bosses, impede migrants, overhaul its justice system and improve its police.

The United States also doubts that NAFTA talks, which began a fifth round in Mexico City on Wednesday, could imperil co-operation, according to one current and one former senior U.S. State Department official.

Frontrunner worries US

The bigger U.S. concern, the sources said, is that Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, the leftist frontrunner for next July’s presidential election, will rip up the relationship if he wins.

“Obviously there is a fear ... that some kind of slowdown (in the relationship) could occur with a transition,” said the current U.S. official, who was unauthorized to speak publicly.

Mexican officials note it makes sense for their country, which is likely to end 2017 with its highest murder tally on recent record, to keep accepting U.S. assistance. Furthermore, Mexico has little appetite for dealing with an endless flow of U.S.-bound migrants.

"It's in our interests to maintain the current system of co-operation we have for combating drugs,” said Marcela Guerra, a ruling Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) senator who heads the Senate’s North America Foreign Relations committee.

“We won’t change our solid position — that migration needs to be secure and legal — if NAFTA falls,” she added, noting that Mexico would be “hooting itself in the foot” if it relaxed its southern border.

Nationalistic candidate leads polls

The nationalistic Lopez Obrador and his National Regeneration Movement (MORENA) party lead polls, boosted by anger over the PRI’s inability to tackle rising violence and endemic graft.

Lopez Obrador has long expressed doubts about the nature of U.S.-Mexico security and migration co-operation, using a May op-ed in the Washington Post to urge against efforts “to unleash military force against criminal organizations.”

His strong standing has sparked concerns in Washington.

In April, then-U.S. Secretary of Homeland Security John Kelly agreed with Republican Senator John McCain’s view that “if the election were tomorrow in Mexico, you would probably get a left-wing, anti-American president of Mexico. That can’t be good for America.”

New era?

The United States enjoyed good relations with Mexico during the National Action Party (PAN) administration of former conservative President Felipe Calderon. When President Enrique Pena Nieto’s centrist PRI took office in 2012, relations cooled, but have improved, U.S. and Mexican officials say.

The former State official said both the PAN and the PRI were likely to maintain close ties with the United States if either were to win in 2018.

“That leaves only one outlier. So I suppose that gives you a two-out-of-three chance that nothing is going to blow up,” he said.

Talks are underway

The U.S. embassy is already in touch with the Lopez Obrador camp, but, the former official said, those talks have so far not resulted in “any definitive resolutions or reassurances in terms specifically of the law enforcement and counter-narcotics relationship.”

A spokesman for Lopez Obrador on security said he was not aware of those discussions. The U.S. embassy in Mexico City did not respond to a request for comment.

In an event alongside Pena Nieto on Monday, Roberta Jacobson, the U.S. ambassador in Mexico, stressed her country stands firm.

“We will continue to support ... the efforts by the Mexican government to tackle shared threats and offer sustainable solutions for our regional security,” she said.

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