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Pompeo Urges International Support for Venezuelan Opposition Leader

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U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo speaks at the U.N. Security Council at the U.N Headquarters, Jan. 26, 2019. Pompeo encouraged the council to recognize Juan Guaido as the constitutional interim president of Venezuela.

U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo urged the international community to support the Venezuelan people and recognize the interim government of opposition leader Juan Guaido as he stands up to disputed President Nicolas Maduro.

“Now it is time for every other nation to pick a side,” Pompeo told the U.N. Security Council during a rare Saturday morning session. “No more delays, no more games. Either you stand with the forces of freedom or you’re in league with Maduro and his mayhem.”

Several European governments, including Britain, Spain, Germany and France, said Saturday they would recognize the 35-year-old Guaido as president if no election is called within eight days.

The United States requested the Security Council meeting. Pompeo was accompanied by his newly appointed special envoy for Venezuela, Elliott Abrams.

Testy exchanges

Pompeo called the Maduro regime an “illegitimate mafia state” and criticized countries including Russia, China, Iran and Cuba for supporting him.

Russian envoy Vassily Nebenzia shot back that regime change is “a favorite geopolitical game of the United States,” and he asked Pompeo directly whether the Trump administration plans to militarily intervene in Venezuela.

“Does that mean that the United States is ready to use military force against a sovereign state under a bogus pretext?” Nebenzia asked. “It is here in this room that we need to hear a clear answer: whether Washington intends once again to violate the U.N. Charter?”

Pompeo offered no response at the meeting and sidestepped a reporter’s question about it during a brief interaction with the press, saying he would not speculate on what the U.S. would do next.

Venezuela held presidential elections May 20, 2018. Many voters boycotted, saying the polls were not free and fair. Several opposition members also were prevented from running. Incumbent President Maduro won with nearly 70 percent of the vote, but the results have been challenged both domestically and abroad. He was sworn in for a second six-year term Jan. 10.

Supporters of opposition leader Juan Guaido and the press gather around him as he leaves a public plaza where he spoke in Caracas, Venezuela, Friday, Jan. 25, 2019.
Supporters of opposition leader Juan Guaido and the press gather around him as he leaves a public plaza where he spoke in Caracas, Venezuela, Friday, Jan. 25, 2019.

On Jan. 23, the democratically elected National Assembly, which is controlled by the opposition, declared Maduro’s rule illegitimate. Invoking constitutional provisions, National Assembly leader Guaido declared himself interim president until there are new elections.

Earlier this week, Maduro accused Washington of instigating a coup d’état and told U.S. diplomats they had three days, until Saturday night, to leave the country.

Venezuela's Minister of Foreign Affairs Jorge Arreaza speaks during the United Nations Security Council at the U.N., Jan. 26, 2019, in New York. During the meeting, U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo encouraged the council to recognize Juan Guaido as the constitutional interim President of Venezuela.
Venezuela's Minister of Foreign Affairs Jorge Arreaza speaks during the United Nations Security Council at the U.N., Jan. 26, 2019, in New York. During the meeting, U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo encouraged the council to recognize Juan Guaido as the constitutional interim President of Venezuela.

Security Council address

Venezuelan Foreign Minister Jorge Arreaza traveled to New York and addressed the Security Council. He said despite Washington’s intervention, and tweets from Secretary Pompeo and Vice President Mike Pence that he said incited and supported the opposition and urged security forces to defect from Maduro, his government is still willing to talk to Washington.

Late Saturday, however, the Venezuela’s Foreign Ministry released a statement, saying it and the U.S. had agreed to a 30-day period to negotiate a “U.S. interests office” in Venezuela and a similar office for Venezuela in the United States.

Arreaza also dismissed the eight-day deadline from the Europeans.

“Europe is giving us eight days?” Arreaza asked with incredulity. “Where do you get that you have the power to establish a deadline or ultimatum to a sovereign people?”

He also took a swipe at Washington for past interventions in Iraq and Libya and the Trump administration’s recent announcement that it will pull its small military force from Syria.

“You recall what happened with Saddam Hussein or [Moammar] Gadhafi. Despite all assurances, they were killed,” he noted. “The United States is withdrawing forces from Syria, are they going to try to start a new war in Latin America? In Venezuela? We are not going to give them that satisfaction.”

FILE - Colombia's Foreign Minister Carlos Trujillo briefs the media during a joint news conference with German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas in Berlin, Nov. 22, 2018.
FILE - Colombia's Foreign Minister Carlos Trujillo briefs the media during a joint news conference with German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas in Berlin, Nov. 22, 2018.

Latin America represented

Several Latin American countries sent envoys to the meeting.

Peru, a Security Council member, said it has been directly affected by the exodus of some 3 million Venezuelans fleeing the violence and humanitarian crisis. It has received 700,000 refugees.

Colombia, which has taken in more than 1 million Venezuelans, sent its foreign minister.

Carlos Trujillo asked the council to help his country address the refugee crisis and support the delivery of humanitarian aid to Venezuela. He also appealed to the council to protect opposition leader Guiado and members of the national assembly. He urged new free and fair elections.

But other Latin American countries, including Bolivia and Cuba, came to express support for Maduro.

The United Nations political chief Rosemary DiCarlo warned council members that the situation is “cause for serious concern.”

“The protracted crisis in the country has had a grave impact on the population, with high levels of political polarization, growing humanitarian needs and serious human rights concerns,” DiCarlo said.

On Friday, U.N. human rights chief Michelle Bachelet called for talks to defuse the political tensions in Venezuela, saying that the situation “may rapidly spiral out of control with catastrophic consequences.”

Fern Robinson contributed to this report.

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