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South Sudan Factions Sign Cease-Fire

Nhail Deng Nhail, 2nd left, the head of South Sudan's negotiating team, and top negotiator for the rebel's side, Taban Deng Gai, right, a general in South Sudan's army before he defected, sign a cessation of hostilities agreement in Addis Ababa, Jan 23, 2014.
A cease-fire agreement has been signed by the fighting South Sudanese parties.

The government of South Sudan and the opposition signed two agreements Thursday in the Ethiopian capital, Addis Ababa. The first concerns an immediate cessation of military actions and a second deals with the release of 11 political detainees that have been imprisoned since the start of the conflict in mid-December.

The peace talks led by the East African Bloc IGAD started early last month. Lead IGAD mediator Seyoum Mesfin says several steps need to be taken by both parties now that they have signed the agreements.

“One, implement any agreements that they signed, in good faith and with full commitment. Two, begin the work towards rehabilitation and support to the hundreds of thousands of internally displaced people and refugees. Three, we must soon continue with political dialogue and work towards an all-inclusive national reconciliation," said Mesfin.

The cease-fire agreement calls for the government and opposition forces to stay where they are. Ugandan troops supporting the government in South Sudan will have to leave all “theater of operations” within 24 hours.

The agreement on the question of the 11 detainees did not outline when they will be released.

No friendly words were spoken between the government of South Sudan and the opposition during the signing ceremony.

Lead government negotiator Nhial Deng Nhial blamed the opposition for asking for preconditions, such as the release of the detainees. He also said he is concerned about opposition fighters.

“What really worries us, in terms of whether the agreement of cessation of hostilities will stick or not, is the capacity of the rebel group. Given that the bulk of the rebel army is made up of civilians who are not subject to military discipline, orders to stop fighting may not be obeyed. This will certainly make a mockery of the agreement. We therefore urge IGAD and the broader international community to pay special attention to this problem," said Nhial.

Lead opposition negotiator Taban Deng Gai says the opposition did not initiate the violence.

“Our core goal has always been reforms, democratization of the political process within the SPLM party and peaceful transfer of power," said Gai.

Fighting in South Sudan broke out in mid-December between backers of President Salva Kiir and former vice president Riek Machar.

IGAD mediator Seyoum warned both parties the post-war challenges will be greater than the war itself:

“Agreements and peace deals signed in good faith are many, but those successfully implemented are fewer, far fewer. Equally, such sentiments may only provide a temporarily reprieve before violence escalates again. We do not want this to be the case in South Sudan," said Seyoum.

A statement from President Obama said he welcomed the agreement adding that "South Sudan’s leaders need to work to fully and immediately implement the agreement and start an inclusive political dialogue to resolve the underlying causes of the conflict. The full participation of political detainees currently being held by the Government of South Sudan will be critical to those discussions, and we will continue to work to expedite their release," said the statement.