Airstrikes killed civilians and pummeled multiple parts of the Sudanese capital on Saturday, residents said, as warring military factions agreed to another cease-fire in a series that have failed to stop the violence.
Fighting between the Sudanese army and paramilitary Rapid Support Forces is entering its third month with neither side gaining a clear advantage.
The war has displaced 2.2 million Sudanese and sent the war-weary Darfur region into a "humanitarian calamity," the United Nations has said. It has killed more than 3,000 people and injured more than 6,000, Sudan's health minister said.
Late on Saturday, the United States and Saudi Arabia said the two factions had agreed to a new 72-hour cease-fire that would begin on Sunday morning. Previous truces have not managed to bring fighting to a complete halt.
Airstrikes kill 17
The army has the advantage of air power in Khartoum and its neighboring cities Omdurman and Bahri, while the RSF has embedded itself in residential neighborhoods. On Friday and Saturday, the army appeared to ramp up airstrikes, hitting several residential neighborhoods.
In a speech posted by the army on Friday, General Yassir Al-Atta warned people to stay away from homes the RSF had occupied.
"Because at this point, we will attack them anywhere," he said to cheers. "Between us and these rebels are bullets," he said, appearing to dismiss mediation attempts.
The Khartoum health ministry confirmed a report by local volunteers on Saturday that 17 people including five children were killed in airstrikes in the Mayo area of southern Khartoum and 25 homes destroyed.
Unable to flee
The strike was the latest in a series of air and artillery attacks on the poor and densely populated district of the city where most residents are unable to afford the cost of leaving.
Late on Friday, the local resistance committee said 13 people had been killed by shelling in al-Lammab in western Khartoum, calling the neighborhood an "operations zone." Residents reported airstrikes elsewhere in southern and western Khartoum into the afternoon.
The RSF on Saturday said it brought down an army warplane in the Nile, west of Khartoum.
Plumes of smoke could be seen rising near fuel depots in Southern Khartoum, a resident said and video shared with Reuters showed.
Airstrikes in central and southern Omdurman continued from Friday into Saturday, impacting homes and killing one person, according to the local committee in the Beit al-Mal neighborhood.
Residents said three members of a family were killed in the Sharq el-Nil district after an airstrike on Friday.
In El Geneina, in West Darfur, more than 270,000 people have fled across the border to Chad, after more than 1,000 people were killed by attacks that residents and the United States have blamed on the RSF and allied militias.
A Chadian military source and a local official in Adre, Chad, where many of those fleeing have sought refuge, denied reports that Chadian soldiers had clashed with the RSF.
Chadian president General Mahamat Idriss Deby visited the area to witness the unfolding humanitarian crisis there and ensure the closure of the border, the presidency said.
Within Khartoum, the war has cut off the millions who remain from electricity, water, and access to health care. Residents have had to ration food. They report widespread looting.