Four U.S Customs and Border Protection employees have been referred for disciplinary review over their treatment of Haitian migrants they sought to push back across the Rio Grande using horses last September, CBP officials said Friday as the agency released a report on the widely photographed incident.
CBP Commissioner Chris Magnus said at a news conference that the disciplinary process related to the September 19 incident was ongoing, and he did not identify the employees.
Reuters witnesses at the time saw mounted officers wearing cowboy hats blocking the paths of migrants, and one officer unfurling horse reins resembling a lariat, which he swung near a man's face as the man carried a bag of food across the Rio Grande to a makeshift encampment in the United States. The images triggered a strong nationwide backlash and calls for an investigation.
Magnus added the report said no migrants were struck with the reins that agents were photographed swinging in their direction. But the report outlined the agents' inappropriate behavior toward Haitians, including yelling profanity and insults related to a migrant's national origin, and using unnecessary force against migrants attempting to reenter the United States with food.
The investigation found one agent on horseback grabbed a man and spun him around in a widely photographed incident, which took place near a sprawling riverside encampment in Del Rio, Texas, that had formed after the rapid arrival of thousands of Haitian migrants at the U.S.-Mexico border.
According to the report, one agent "acted in an unsafe manner by pursuing the individual he had yelled at along the river's edge forcing his horse to narrowly maneuver around a small child."
Lack of clear command
The incident originated, the report found, when Texas Department of Public Security officials also on the scene asked for assistance from the U.S. Border Patrol. A lack of clear command led to the agents inappropriately following DPS instructions to prevent migrants from crossing the river back into the United States.
Migrants were frequently crossing into Mexico to bring back food and supplies that were scarce in the makeshift encampment.
Advocates and migrants suing the government over their treatment during the incident said the Haitian man depicted in the widely seen photos described the mounted officer grabbing his neck and releasing him only when the horse was about to trample him.
He called the experience humiliating in a court filing.
"We are already taking steps to ensure a situation like what occurred in Del Rio doesn't happen again," Magnus said during the news conference.
Of the roughly 15,000 Haitians who arrived at the U.S.-Mexico border in September, about 8,000 were rapidly expelled in the weeks that followed under a COVID-era order known as Title 42.
The findings come as U.S. President Joe Biden, a Democrat, has grappled both operationally and politically with a record-number of attempted crossings at the southwest border with Mexico. Republicans have criticized Biden for trying to reverse some of the hardline immigration policies of his Republican predecessor, Donald Trump, while some members of Biden's own party said he is not doing enough to protect vulnerable migrants.
The Border Patrol apprehended nearly 223,000 migrants at the southwest border in May, the highest monthly total on record. Haitians made up about 7,700 of that figure, with several thousand more attempting to cross at ports of entry without valid permission.
On Thursday, Texas' Republican Governor Greg Abbott said he had authorized the Texas National Guard and state authorities to "apprehend" migrants and transport them to the border at a port of entry with Mexico.
In a statement, the state's National Guard said it was "working with our interagency partners to respond to illegal immigration."
Some migrants bused
Abbott's order was the latest in a string of immigration crackdown measures in the state, which earlier included busing migrants out of state to destinations like Washington.
Magnus said that CBP had "a shared interest" with Texas "in maintaining a safe, orderly humane immigration process" at the border but said that problems arise when any state "takes unilateral actions."
CBP recently said it would investigate whether anyone from the agency sold unofficial commemorative coins that depict the widely publicized photograph of the incident that was under investigation. Magnus said in an earlier statement that the "hateful images" on the "deeply offensive" coins angered him and distracted from the essential work of the Border Patrol.