After waking up in the morning of April 11, 2012, I turned on my laptop, and suddenly I was shocked by some breaking news – two Chinese students had been shot to death that morning near the campus of the University of Southern California (USC).
Like me, many Chinese students in the United States were saddened and upset after this unfortunate incident. However, what soon became more upsetting was the media’s focus on the supposed wealth of graduate students Ying Wu and Ming Qu, and how that played into their tragic deaths.
A BMW stirs hate
According to the Associated Press, police said the shooting might have been an attempt to carjack the students’ “dark-colored, $60,000 BMW.” The AP noted, “The types of students who come from abroad typically skew wealthier, because they have to be able to afford a school’s tuition without financial aid.”
In China, this angle became the focus of the story. Many Chinese websites, even including several major online media, rewrote the title of this article as “Two Chinese Students in Los Angeles Were Shot to Death in BMW.”
One netizen even wrote on the Chinese social media site QQ, “Chinese students studying in the U.S. are from rich and powerful families. They use US taxpayers’ money to live luxurious lives and buy expensive BMWs. They deserve to die.”
Later it was clarified that the BMW that Ming Qu was driving was a second-hand car, which had 80,000 miles on it and friends said it only cost him around $10,000.
But the image of the Chinese student in America with his expensive BMW was a powerful one to Chinese netizens.
Why the BMW is important
Without financial aid, college tuition and costs in the United States, especially for a private university like USC, are rarely affordable for a Chinese middle class family. Therefore, many Chinese students studying in the U.S. are labeled as the spoiled wealthy or official second generation.
In addition, with reports in recent years that some corrupt Chinese government officials have laundered their bribery money by sending their children and illegal property abroad, some Chinese tend to move their anger about wealth inequality to Chinese students studying abroad as a whole, because they believe those students are squandering Chinese taxpayers’ money.
The BMW in which these two Chinese students were shot became a symbol of privilege, and of the wealthy flaunting their money as others in China struggle (even though these particular students turned out to have been not that wealthy at all).
Are the stereotypes true?
It’s not just in Chinese media where this image of wealthy Chinese students is propagated, though. Both Chinese and American media talk about how American colleges are pursuing wealthy Chinese students who don't require financial aid, or of how some of them are living luxurious lives in America with their parents' money.
And having spent almost four years in an American college and looking at the Chinese student community around me, I have to admit it is true that there are those Chinese students who are from rich or powerful families.
It is true that there are those Chinese students who are fond of luxurious brands and expensive cars, and that there are those Chinese students who are just here for a U.S. college diploma.
However, as with all generalizations, this image of Chinese students does not represent the whole truth.
The fact is that I know lots of Chinese students who work as hard as possible to make a living and support their education. Another hard fact: I have met lots of Chinese students who stay until midnight in the library to study and get straight A's in their classes. One last hard fact: lots of Chinese students, even those who are from wealthy and rich families, are fighting hard for their dreams and futures.
It takes courage to fly fifteen hours to cross half of the planet, and it’s never easy to say goodbye to our families and friends. Those who make this decision and fight for their dreams deserve to be respected.
Every life matters and every life is valuable, no matter whether he or she dies on a $20 bicycle, or in a $60,000 BMW -- no one “...deserves to die in a BMW.”
R.I.P., Ying Wu and Ming Qu.