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Syrian Christians Fear Persecution During Turkey Offensive

Wounded Kurdish fighters hold portraits of comrades who were killed fighting against IS militants, during a demonstration outside the U.N. building in Qamishli, northeast Syria, against an anticipated Turkish incursion, Oct. 8, 2019.
Wounded Kurdish fighters hold portraits of comrades who were killed fighting against IS militants, during a demonstration outside the U.N. building in Qamishli, northeast Syria, against an anticipated Turkish incursion, Oct. 8, 2019.

As the Turkish military and its allied Syrian rebels continue their operation against U.S.-backed Kurdish forces in northeast Syria, Christian communities in the region fear that the Turkish-led offensive is threatening their very existence in the war-torn country.

On the first day of the Turkish offensive, which began on Wednesday, a Turkish artillery attack reportedly targeted a predominately-Christian neighborhood in Qamishli, the largest city in northeast Syria.

According to local sources, Ayeda Habsono and her husband, Fadi, were severely wounded in the attack that hit their house. Several other residents were also wounded.

On Friday, the Virgin Lady Church in the town of Qahtaniya, near Qamishli, was also hit by Turkish shelling, local news said. Parts of the building were destroyed.

Constant fear

Hadeel Oueis, a Washington-based journalist who has family members living in northeast Syria, says that her Christian relatives have been living in constant fear.

“My family in Syria now lives in panic. For them, this Turkish assault is an existential threat,” she told VOA.

She added that churches in Qamishli and elsewhere in northeast Syria have been ringing their bells, alarming locals of the ongoing Turkish military operations.

“Many of my female Christian friends and classmates were kidnapped by ISIS, but now people are even more afraid from what would happen now if Turkey invaded our areas,” Oueis, said using an acronym for the Islamic State (IS) terror group.

During its rise in 2014, IS abducted thousands of women and young girls of religious minorities such as Christians and Yazidis in Syria and Iraq. Many those women were used as sex slaves by IS militants.

Among the Turkish-backed rebels who are participating in the ongoing offensive in northeast Syria are many Islamist groups who have committed abuses against civilians elsewhere in Syria, according to international rights groups.

U.S. Christian groups criticizing Trump’s move

The Turkish-led offensive was launched days after U.S. President Donald Trump ordered U.S. troops to withdraw to allow Turkish forces to carry out the operation.

Trump’s decision has drawn criticism from many in the U.S., including influential Christian figures who said that the move would put the lives of thousands of civilians at risk.

Some evangelical leaders like Franklin Graham, President of Samaritan’s Purse and the Billy Graham Evangelistic Association, considered Trump’s decision a threat to religious freedom in Syria.

Pat Robertson, televangelist and founder of the Christian Broadcasting Network, said he was “appalled by Trump’s decision to withdraw U.S. troops from northeast Syria, which could lead “the Christians and the Kurds to be massacred by the Turks.”

“I believe… the president of the United States is in danger of losing the mandate of heaven if he permits this to happen,” Robertson said in a broadcast on Monday.

Evangelical Christians have been among President Trump’s staunchest supporters in recent years.

Bassam Ishak, president of the Syriac National Council, one of the largest Christian political groups in Syria, said he has been lobbying Evangelical and other Christian groups in the U.S. to pressure President Trump to alter his Syria policy.

“I have been in touch with evangelical leaders, explaining our situation on the ground,” he said, adding that “Trump has no choice but to listen to what his Evangelical constituencies are saying, because he can’t afford to have problem with evangelicals.”

Ishak told VOA the U.S. administration has a moral responsibility to protect Christians and other minorities in Syria.

Relief efforts

U.S.-based relief groups said they have been in contact with Christians in Syria to prepare for providing emergency aid to locals.

“Our Christian friends in Kobani [in northern Syria] are using our supplies we placed there earlier to help people who have fled villages to the east that have been hit by the Turks,” David Eubank, director of the Free Burma Rangers, a humanitarian group that has been involved in humanitarian relief in Syria, told VOA.

He said he would try to cross into Syria personally to take more medical supplies and other types of assistance.

Eubank noted that Christian residents in northeast Syria “are very afraid the attack will come to Kobane next but already over 100,000 are displaced along the border.”

Other Christian advocacy groups in the U.S. said they are evaluating responses to support Christians and other minorities in Syria during this crisis.

“Turkey’s invasion not only endangers the Kurds, but also endangers a Christian minority that has for years feared a Turkish invasion that would ‘cleanse’ its presence in northern Syria,” said Boris Zilberman, Director of Public Policy and Strategy at the CUFI Action Fund, an American Christian organization that advocates for the protection of Christians in the Middle East.

“The casualties we have seen thus far and the targeting of Christian areas only reinforces those fears,” he told VOA.