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Students Become Neighbors Time Zones Apart

Relatively few students in the U.S. have opportunities to study abroad, says Mohamed Abdel-Kader, executive director of the Stevens Initiative, a public-private partnership based at the Aspen Institute in Washington, D.C.

“Some estimates right now have pegged about one in 10 American college students is having the opportunity to go abroad, and we'd certainly like to see those numbers a little bit higher,” he told VOA’s Student Union at the Association of American Colleges and Universities conference in Washington recently.

That proportion is even lower for American students going to the Middle East and vice versa, he said.

Video 1: Mohamed Abdel-Kader, Executive Director, Stevens Initiative
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“What's really interesting to think about is about 2% of American college students who do study abroad, of that 10%, about 2% actually go to the Middle East and North Africa. And on the flip side, some estimates are that about 2% of young people in the Middle East and North Africa study abroad," Abdel-Kader said. "And I think we want more young people to interact with one another and learn about one another."

The goal of the Stevens Initiative is to connect students around the globe, particularly in the Middle East and North Africa.

And the Initiative has come up with a creative solution to help achieve that goal: a virtual exchange program.

“Virtual exchange is when two classrooms in different geographies essentially take out a wall between them -- that wall is obviously thousands and thousands of miles -- but that wall is really taken out between them by the use of technology, so that these young people in both classrooms are learning about one another, and they're learning together,” Abdel-Kader said.

Video 2: Mohamed Abdel-Kader, Executive Director, Stevens Initiative
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“This is integrated into their classroom and moderated by their teachers, so that it's a dynamic learning experience where they're being exposed to different global issues, and they're collaborating with one another to try to solve them, and find out where their shared interests are, and where there may be differences to hopefully gain a better understanding of that issue from the different perspectives, and understand one another I think a little bit better as well," he said.

Abdel-Kader said the program is succeeding in a number of ways.

Video 3: Mohamed Abdel-Kader, Executive Director, Stevens Initiative
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“One, we see that students first of all get to know one another and learn a lot about their peers in other classrooms across the world. Folks abroad learn more about Americans and everyday life in our 50 states," he said.

Students participating in virtual exchanges are more technologically literate, too, Abdel-Kader said.

“They're able to navigate technological tools with greater ease and collaborate with peers across borders, they’re able to communicate across those same borders with much more ease. And those experiences are happening in classrooms around the world, and we're very excited to be a part of that to help grow these experiences, and bring more educators into the fold," he said.

Chicago native Samuel Owusu’s curiosity about other languages and cultures inspired him to participate in a virtual exchange program to work on a joint project with students in Casablanca (Morocco) during his senior year at high school, Abdel-Kader said.

Owusu told the Stevens Initiative that he attributes a lot of his interest in the Middle East and North Africa to the weekly exchanges he was able to have with those students.

“We became friends. I understood that although they are a world away, they are our neighbors," Owusu said on the Initiative's website. "This changed my trajectory in college and in life."

Video 4: Mohamed Abdel-Kader, Executive Director, Stevens Initiative
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Abdel-Kader said, "We've also seen that many students who participated in virtual exchanges are more prepared for the 21st-century workforce and that they're able to navigate time zones, they're able to navigate language barriers, and they're able to see complex global issues from a number of different perspectives. And that is certainly very helpful in the 21st-century workplace.”

That virtual exchange experience motivated Owusu, currently a junior at Davidson College in North Carolina, to travel to Lebanon recently for a study abroad program, Abdel-Kader said.

“So we're very excited to see that kind of impact and transformational experience that could start from a classroom at home and turn into a fantastic experience abroad that is just eye opening and transformational for a young person," he added.

Video 5: Mohamed Abdel-Kader, Executive Director, Stevens Initiative
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“According to him and his testimonial, the experience really opened his eyes to life in Casablanca, he made friends, he was able to learn about them and communicate with them, but then also share about his life in Chicago," he said.

By the end of the year, the Stevens initiative will have reached about 40,000 young people in about 45 U.S. states and 15 countries in the Middle East and North Africa, reaching students who may not have had an opportunity to go abroad, Abdel-Kader said.

"And we're just very proud to see these young people connecting and building a future together," he said.

The Stevens Initiative was inspired by the late U.S. Ambassador J. Christopher Stevens, “a diplomat who got to know young people everywhere he went,” Abdel-Kader explained. “He was lost in the attack on the U.S. Embassy in Libya, and there was a desire to honor him.”

The Stevens Initiative works in close partnership with Ambassador Stevens’ family. It is sponsored by the U.S. Department of State, the Bezos Family Foundation and the governments of the United Arab Emirates and Morocco.

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Tips for first-year international students in the US

FILE- In this March 14, 2019, file photo, people walk on the Stanford University campus beneath Hoover Tower in Stanford, Calif.
FILE- In this March 14, 2019, file photo, people walk on the Stanford University campus beneath Hoover Tower in Stanford, Calif.

Book your flights right away, get a U.S. phone plan, make sure you have linens for your dorm and attend orientation – that’s some of the advice international students have for first-year college students coming from abroad.

U.S. News & World Report compiled helpful tips for students studying in the United States for the first time. (July 2024)

Survey: Social integration, career prep are important to international students

FILE - FILE - In this March 14, 2019, file photo students walk on the Stanford University campus in Santa Clara, Calif.
FILE - FILE - In this March 14, 2019, file photo students walk on the Stanford University campus in Santa Clara, Calif.

A recent survey of international students in the United States found that before starting school, they were concerned about personal safety, making friends and feeling homesick.

Inside Higher Ed reports that international students want specialized orientations, peer connections, career preparation and job placement to help make their college experiences successful. (July 2024)

US advisory council ends Nigeria visit, signs student exchange deal

Deniece Laurent-Mantey is the executive director of U.S President's Advisory Council on African Diaspora Engagement.
Deniece Laurent-Mantey is the executive director of U.S President's Advisory Council on African Diaspora Engagement.

Members of a U.S. presidential advisory council have approved a student exchange deal between an American college and a Nigerian university as part of the council's effort to strengthen collaboration on education, health, entrepreneurship and development between Africa and Africans living abroad.

The council also visited a health facility supported by the United States Agency for International Development in the capital.

Nigerian authorities and visitors chatted with members of the U.S President's Advisory Council on African Diaspora Engagement as they toured a healthcare facility in Karu, a suburb of Abuja, on the last day of the council's three-day visit to Abuja and Lagos.

The facility is one of many supported by the United States Agency for International Development, or USAID, to improve the management of childhood illnesses, family planning, immunization and delivery.

The tour was part of the council's effort to promote African diaspora-led investments in technology entrepreneurship, education and healthcare delivery.

"They're doing a phenomenal job there, it really gave us a sense of what the healthcare system is in Nigeria," said Deniece Laurent-Mantey, executive director of the advisory council. "This is our first trip as a council to the continent and we chose Nigeria for a reason — the diaspora in Nigeria is very active, very influential, and they're really a source of strength when it comes to our U.S.-Africa policy. And so for us coming to Nigeria was very intentional."

The council was created by President Joe Biden in September to improve collaboration between Africa and its diaspora in terms of economic and social development.

Akila Udoji, manager of the Primary Healthcare Centre of Karu, said officials in Nigeria were pleased that the council members were able to visit.

"We're happy that they have seen what the money they have given to us to work with has been used to do, because they have been able to assist us in capacity-building, trainings, equipment supply and the makeover of the facility," Udoji said.

Earlier, the council signed a deal for a student exchange program between Spelman College in the southern U.S. city of Atlanta and Nigeria's University of Lagos.

Laurent-Mantey said education exchanges are one of the council's top priorities.

"In Lagos, we had the president of Spelman College — she's also a member of our council — she signed an agreement with the University of Lagos to further education exchange programs in STEM and creative industries between those two universities," Laurent-Mantey said. "And I think for us it's very important, because Spelman College is a historically Black university, and so here we are promoting the importance of collaboration between African Americans and Africans."

In March, the advisory council adopted its first set of recommendations for the U.S. president, including the student exchange initiative, advocating for more U.S. government support for Africa, climate-focused initiatives, and improving U.S. visa access for Africans.

The council met with Nigerian health and foreign affairs officials during the visit before leaving the country on Wednesday.

American Academy of the Arts College announces closure

FILE - Signs and writing denouncing the closure of the University of the Arts are seen at Dorrance Hamilton Hall on June 14, 2024, in Philadelphia. More recently, the American Academy of the Arts College in Chicago announced it would close.
FILE - Signs and writing denouncing the closure of the University of the Arts are seen at Dorrance Hamilton Hall on June 14, 2024, in Philadelphia. More recently, the American Academy of the Arts College in Chicago announced it would close.

The American Academy of Art College in Chicago announced it would be closing after 101 years of preparing students for careers in art and illustration.

WTTW news reported that like other art colleges, the academy saw enrollment drop after the pandemic, and officials made the decision to close the college last month. (July 2024)

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5 killed, dozens injured in clashes over Bangladesh jobs quota system

Protesters of Bangladesh's quota system for government jobs clash with students who back the ruling Awami League party in Dhaka on July 16, 2024.
Protesters of Bangladesh's quota system for government jobs clash with students who back the ruling Awami League party in Dhaka on July 16, 2024.

At least 5 people were killed and dozens injured in two separate incidents in Bangladesh as violence continued Tuesday on university campuses in the nation's capital and elsewhere over a government jobs quota system, local media reports said quoting officials.

At least three of the dead were students and one was a pedestrian, the media reports said. Another man who died in Dhaka remained unidentified.

The deaths were reported Tuesday after overnight violence at a public university near Bangladesh's capital, Dhaka. The violence involved members of a pro-government student body and other students, when police fired tear gas and charged the protesters with batons during the clashes, which spread at Jahangir Nagar University in Savar, outside Dhaka, according to students and authorities.

Protesters have been demanding an end to a quota reserved for family members of veterans who fought in Bangladesh's war of independence in 1971, which allows them to take up 30% of governmental jobs.

They argue that quota appointments are discriminatory and should be merit-based. Some said the current system benefits groups supporting Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina. Some Cabinet ministers criticized the protesters, saying they played on students' emotions.

The Bengali-language Prothom Alo daily newspaper reported that one person died in Dhaka and three others, including a pedestrian, were killed after they suffered injuries during violence in Chattogram, a southeastern district, on Tuesday.

Prothom Alo and other media reports also said that a 22-year-old protester died in the northern district of Rangpur.

Details of the casualties could not be confirmed immediately.

Students clash over the quota system for government jobs in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on July 16, 2024.
Students clash over the quota system for government jobs in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on July 16, 2024.

While job opportunities have expanded in Bangladesh's private sector, many find government jobs stable and lucrative. Each year, some 3,000 such jobs open up to nearly 400,000 graduates.

Hasina said Tuesday that war veterans — commonly known as "freedom fighters" — should receive the highest respect for their sacrifice in 1971 regardless of their current political ideologies.

"Abandoning the dream of their own life, leaving behind their families, parents and everything, they joined the war with whatever they had," she said during an event at her office in Dhaka.

Protesters gathered in front of the university's official residence of the vice chancellor early Tuesday when violence broke out. Demonstrators accused the Bangladesh Chhatra League, a student wing of Hasina's ruling Awami League party, of attacking their "peaceful protests." According to local media reports, police and the ruling party-backed student wing attacked the protesters.

But Abdullahil Kafi, a senior police official, told the country's leading English-language newspaper Daily Star that they fired tear gas and "blank rounds" as protesters attacked the police. He said up to 15 police officers were injured.

More than 50 people were treated at Enam Medical College Hospital near Jahangir Nagar University as the violence continued for hours, said Ali Bin Solaiman, a medical officer of the hospital. He said at least 30 of them suffered pellet wounds.

On Monday, violence also spread at Dhaka University, the country's leading public university, as clashes gripped the campus in the capital. More than 100 students were injured in the clashes, police said.

On Tuesday, protesters blocked railways and some highways across the country, and in Dhaka, they halted traffic in many areas as they vowed to continue demonstrating until the demands were met.

Local media said police forces were spread across the capital to safeguard the peace.

Swapon, a protester and student at Dhaka University who gave only his first name, said they want the "rational reformation of the quota scheme." He said that after studying for six years, if he can't find a job, "it will cause me and my family to suffer."

Protesters say they are apolitical, but leaders of the ruling parties accused the opposition of using the demonstrations for political gains.

A ruling party-backed student activist, who refused to give his name, told The Associated Press that the protesters with the help of "goons" of the opposition's Bangladesh Nationalist Party and Jamaat-e-Islami party vandalized their rooms at the student dormitories near the Curzon Hall of Dhaka University.

The family-of-the-veterans quota system was halted following a court order after mass student protests in 2018. But last month, Bangladesh's High Court nulled the decision to reinstate the system once more, angering scores of students and triggering protests.

Last week, the Supreme Court suspended the High Court's order for four weeks and the chief justice asked protesting students to return to their classes, saying the court would issue a decision in four weeks.

However, the protests have continued daily, halting traffic in Dhaka.

The quota system also reserves government jobs for women, disabled people and ethnic minority groups, but students have protested against only the veterans system.

Hasina maintained power in an election in January that was again boycotted by the country's main opposition party and its allies due to Hasina's refusal to step down and hand over power to a caretaker government to oversee the election.

Her party favors keeping the quota for the families of the 1971 war heroes after her Awami League party, under the leadership of her father, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, led the independence war with the help of India. Rahman was assassinated along with most of his family members in a military coup in 1975.

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